TURKISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE
Turkish belongs to the Turkic group of languages, among them the Turkish language of the Balkan Gagauz, Gagau and Horasian Turkish, with the addition of Ottoman Turkish. The Turkic language family is a subgroup of Ogu languages, which is again a subset of languages that most linguists believe belong to the Altai language group.
Turkish is spoken in Turkey and is also spoken by minorities in 35 countries. Turkish is especially wide-spoken in countries that were (wholly or partly) part of the Ottoman Empire, such as Bulgaria, Romania, Kosovo and Northern Macedonia.
There is a high degree of mutual understanding between Turkish and other Oguz languages, such as Azerbaijani, Turkmen and Kashkay.